Fetch your Reddit posts,comments to a file using Go

19 Jan 2024 | Fetch your Reddit posts,comments to a file using Go |

I have posted lots of content on Reddit and I would like to make a copy of of these locally, just to have a local record and make it easier to search my posts.

There’s a couple of ways to do this, one method is simply Ask Reddit [email protected]., they provide an official Data Request form which they will process and send you a link to a CSV with your data

Alternatively tou can write a scirpt using their official APi to access the data.. To access Reddit API you need to go here and create an app for your Application https://old.reddit.com/prefs/apps/

How it works

1. Retrieves Reddit Posts and Comments

  • It fetches a user’s Reddit posts and comments using the Reddit API.
  • It retrieves both posts submitted by the user and comments they’ve made.
  • It fetches a maximum of 500 comments.

2. Stores Data in a JSON File

  • It saves the retrieved posts and comments into a single JSON file named “reddit_posts_comments.json”.
  • The JSON file contains structured data, making it easy to analyze or use in other applications.

3. Requires Authentication

  • It needs a Reddit API access token to access the user’s data.
  • It can either load this token from a configuration file or prompt the user to enter their Reddit credentials to obtain a token.

4. Key Steps:

  1. Loads configuration (API keys, username, password) from a file or prompts for input.
  2. Obtains an access token from Reddit using the provided credentials.
  3. Retrieves posts submitted by the user.
  4. Retrieves comments made by the user.
  5. Generates full Reddit URLs for comments to link back to the original context.
  6. Saves both posts and comments in a structured JSON file.

5. Additional Features:

  • Prints a banner with ASCII art at the beginning.
  • Guides the user to obtain Reddit API credentials if needed.
  • Saves the configuration to a file for future use.

The Go Code.

You can get the latest copy of the code at Github https://github.com/acbrandao/GoLang/blob/master/redditfetch.go

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Package: rmain
// File: redditfetch.go
// Simple command line Go application go retrive YOUR
// comments and posts and save them to a local file in JSON Format
//
// Authors: Tony Brandao https://github.com/acbrandao, assisted by bard.google.com
// Copyright (c) 2024 .
// This code is licensed under the MIT license.
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////

package main

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"io/ioutil"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"os"
	"strconv"
	"time"
)

const CONFIG_FILENAME = "reddit.config.json"

type Config struct {
	ClientID     string `json:"clientID"`
	ClientSecret string `json:"clientSecret"`
	Username     string `json:"username"`
	Password     string `json:"password"`
	UserAgent    string `json:"userAgent"`
}

// RedditPost represents the structure of a Reddit post.
type RedditPost struct {
	Headline string `json:"headline"`
	Text     string `json:"text"`
	Ups      int    `json:"ups"`
	Date     string `json:"date"`
}

// RedditPostResponse represents the structure of a Reddit post response.
type RedditPostResponse struct {
	Data struct {
		Title      string  `json:"title"`
		Selftext   string  `json:"selftext"`
		Ups        int     `json:"ups"`
		CreatedUTC float64 `json:"created_utc"`
	} `json:"data"`
}

// RedditCommentResponse represents the structure of a Reddit comment response.
type RedditCommentResponse struct {
	Data struct {
		Author     string  `json:"author"`
		Score      int     `json:"score"`
		Body       string  `json:"body"`
		Ups        int     `json:"ups"`
		CreatedUTC float64 `json:"created_utc"`
		Subreddit  string  `json:"subreddit"`
		CommentID  string  `json:"id"`
		PostID     string  `json:"link_id"`
	} `json:"data"`

	// Full Reddit URL derived from PostID
	FullRedditURL string `json:"full_reddit_url"`
}

// RedditCommentResponse represents the structure of a Reddit comments.
type RedditComments struct {
	CommentID string `json:"id"`
	PostID    string `json:"link_id"`
	Subreddit string `json:"subreddit"`
	Body      string `json:"body"`
	Text      string `json:"text"`
	Score     int    `json:"score"`
	Date      string `json:"created_utc"`
}

////////////////////////////////
// start of main routnine

func main() {

	banner := `
    ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
	`
	fmt.Println(banner)
	fmt.Print(" Reddit Post/Comment Go.Fetch retriever >>------> \n")

	config, err := loadConfig()
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Config file not found. Please enter configuration values:")
		config = promptForConfig()
		if err := saveConfig(config); err != nil {
			fmt.Println("Error saving config:", err)
			return
		}
	}

	// Use the loaded config values here
	fmt.Println("Reading config file :", CONFIG_FILENAME)

	token, err := getAuthToken(config)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	posts, err := getUserPosts(token, config)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// Fetch user comments
	comments, err := getUserComments(token, config)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// Update comments with full Reddit URL for links to original comments
	updateCommentURLs(comments)

	// fmt.Println("Comments: ",comments)

	var redditPosts []RedditPost

	for _, post := range posts {
		redditPosts = append(redditPosts, RedditPost{
			Headline: post.Data.Title,
			Text:     post.Data.Selftext,
			Ups:      post.Data.Ups,
			Date:     time.Unix(int64(post.Data.CreatedUTC), 0).Format(time.RFC3339),
		})
	}

	// Combine posts and comments into a single slice
	allData := []interface{}{}
	//	allData = append(allData, posts)
	allData = append(allData, comments)

	// Save all data to a JSON file
	saveToTextFile(allData, "reddit_posts_comments.json")
	// saveToTextFile(redditPosts)

} //end of main

func getAuthToken(config Config) (string, error) {
	client := &http.Client{}
	access_token_url := "https://www.reddit.com/api/v1/access_token"

	fmt.Println("Getting Access toekn form  ", access_token_url)
	req, err := http.NewRequest("POST", access_token_url, nil)
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}

	req.SetBasicAuth(config.ClientID, config.ClientSecret)
	req.Header.Set("User-Agent", config.UserAgent)
	req.Header.Set("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")

	q := req.URL.Query()
	q.Add("grant_type", "password")
	q.Add("username", config.Username)
	q.Add("password", config.Password)
	req.URL.RawQuery = q.Encode()

	fmt.Println("Submitting credenitals  to ", req.URL.RawPath)
	resp, err := client.Do(req)
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}
	defer resp.Body.Close()

	body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}

	var tokenResponse struct {
		AccessToken string `json:"access_token"`
	}
	if err := json.Unmarshal(body, &tokenResponse); err != nil {
		return "", err
	}

	return tokenResponse.AccessToken, nil
}

// ...

func getUserComments(token string, config Config) ([]RedditCommentResponse, error) {
	client := &http.Client{}

	limit := 500

	fmt.Println("Requesting User Comments for  ", config.Username)
	req, err := http.NewRequest("GET", "https://oauth.reddit.com/user/"+config.Username+"/comments?sort=top&t=all&limit="+strconv.Itoa(limit), nil)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	req.Header.Set("Authorization", "bearer "+token)
	req.Header.Set("User-Agent", config.UserAgent)

	resp, err := client.Do(req)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	defer resp.Body.Close()

	fmt.Println("Comments: ", resp.Body)

	body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	var commentsResponse struct {
		Data struct {
			Children []RedditCommentResponse `json:"children"`
		} `json:"data"`
	}
	if err := json.Unmarshal(body, &commentsResponse); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	count := len(commentsResponse.Data.Children)
	fmt.Println("Number of Comments in the structure:", count)

	return commentsResponse.Data.Children, nil
}

// ...

func getUserPosts(token string, config Config) ([]RedditPostResponse, error) {
	client := &http.Client{}

	fmt.Println("Fetching Maximum User Posts for  ", config.Username)
	req, err := http.NewRequest("GET", "https://oauth.reddit.com/user/"+config.Username+"/submitted?sort=top&t=all", nil)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	req.Header.Set("Authorization", "bearer "+token)
	req.Header.Set("User-Agent", config.UserAgent)

	resp, err := client.Do(req)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	defer resp.Body.Close()

	body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	var postsResponse struct {
		Data struct {
			Children []RedditPostResponse `json:"children"`
		} `json:"data"`
	}
	if err := json.Unmarshal(body, &postsResponse); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	count := len(postsResponse.Data.Children)
	fmt.Println("Number of Posts  retrieved:", count)

	return postsResponse.Data.Children, nil
}

// func saveToTextFile(posts []RedditPost) {
// 	fileData, err := json.MarshalIndent(posts, "", "  ")
// 	if err != nil {
// 		log.Fatal(err)
// 	}

// 	err = ioutil.WriteFile("reddit_posts.json", fileData, 0644)
// 	if err != nil {
// 		log.Fatal(err)
// 	}

// 	fmt.Println("Reddit posts saved to reddit_posts.json")
// }

func saveToTextFile(data []interface{}, filename string) {
	fileData, err := json.MarshalIndent(data, "", "  ")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	err = ioutil.WriteFile(filename, fileData, 0644)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("Reddit data saved to %s\n", filename)
}

func updateCommentURLs(comments []RedditCommentResponse) {
	for i := range comments {
		// example URL: https://www.reddit.com/r/the_everything_bubble/comments/19702zi/
		comments[i].FullRedditURL = "https://www.reddit.com/r/" + comments[i].Data.Subreddit + "/comments/" + comments[i].Data.PostID
	}
}

func promptForConfig() Config {
	var config Config
	fmt.Println("visit Reddit API  https://www.reddit.com/wiki/api/ then  https://old.reddit.com/prefs/apps/")
	fmt.Println("to get the neecessary access Client ID and Cleint Secret.")

	fmt.Println("Please enter the following information:")
	fmt.Print("Client ID: ")
	fmt.Scanln(&config.ClientID)
	fmt.Print("Client Secret: ")
	fmt.Scanln(&config.ClientSecret)
	fmt.Print("Username: ")
	fmt.Scanln(&config.Username)
	fmt.Print("Password: ")
	fmt.Scanln(&config.Password)
	fmt.Print("User Agent: ")
	fmt.Scanln(&config.UserAgent)
	return config
}

func saveConfig(config Config) error {
	file, err := os.Create(CONFIG_FILENAME)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer file.Close()

	encoder := json.NewEncoder(file)
	return encoder.Encode(config)
}

func loadConfig() (Config, error) {
	file, err := os.Open(CONFIG_FILENAME)
	if err != nil {
		return Config{}, err
	}
	defer file.Close()

	decoder := json.NewDecoder(file)
	var config Config
	if err := decoder.Decode(&config); err != nil {
		return Config{}, err
	}
	return config, nil
}

One comment on “Fetch your Reddit posts,comments to a file using Go

  1. Reply John qall Jan 19,2024 2:06 pm

    Great ? app thabks

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